The Africa regional integration index is designed to measure the extent to which each country in Africa is meeting its commitments under the various pan-African integration frameworks, such as Agenda 2063 and the Abuja Treaty.
The index, which is a joint project of the African Development Bank, the African Union Commission and the Economic Commission for Africa, covers the following dimensions: free movement of persons, trade integration, productive integration, regional interconnections and infrastructure, and macroeconomic policy convergence.
Overall, Chad ranks moderately to poorly within the ECCAS index, attaining fourth place out of eleven countries in the bloc and within CEN-SAD (ranking nineteenth) out of twenty-seven member countries in the overall index.
- Fourth in ECCAS (score: 0.51).
- Nineteenth in CEN-SAD (score: 0.33).
How Chad Ranks Within CEN-SAD
Compare Chad's Dimension Scores
How Chad Ranks Within ECCAS
Compare Chad's Dimension Scores
Analysis of Chad's Performance Across Dimensions
Free movement of persons: African countries are scored against three indicators in this dimension of the index: first, the proportion of protocols on the free movement of persons ratified by the regional economic communities (outside of the regional economic communities of which the country is a member), second, the number of African countries whose nationals are permitted to enter visa-free as tourists and, third, the number of African countries whose nationals may enter with a tourist visa obtained on arrival. Chad performs moderately in this dimension. Chad has ratified the relevant ECCAS instruments concerning free movement of persons, rights of establishment and free movement of workers, while CEN-SAD instruments have not yet ratified. Only 35 percent of other ECCAS and 29 percent of other CEN-SAD member states may enter Chad visa-free.
Trade integration: Chad has performed moderately in this dimension. Chad had an average applied tariff of around zero percent on imports from ECCAS (based on data for 2014). This is the lowest in the bloc. Trade (as a share of GDP) with the rest of the regional economic community is mixed. Over the period 2010 to 2013, imports from the rest of ECCAS accounted for only 4.5 percent of Chad’s GDP, which was the second-highest equivalent statistic for any other ECCAS member country, while imports from the rest of CEN-SAD accounted for 1.6 percent-had twelfth-lowest level among 24 countries for which data was available. Chad’s exports to ECCAS as a share of GDP averaged 0.15 percent over the same period-the lowest level among ECCAS member countries. Over the same period exports to CEN-SAD averaged around 0.36 percent of GDP, which was the eighth-lowest level among the 24 CEN-SAD members.
Productive integration: Chad performs poorly in this dimension. Chad’s integration into regional value chains appears to be mixed. Its trade is weakly complementary with that of its partners. It has a merchandise complementarity index of 0.11 (based on data 2013) indicates that there is weak correlation between Chad’s export and ECCAS import structure.
Infrastructure: Chad has perfumed poorly in this dimension. The country ranked eleventh among ECCAS members in its average performance in the AfDB infrastructure development index between 2010 and 2012. Around 25 per cent of international flights to and from Chad are intra-ECCAS, which is the lowest such ratio among ECCAS members, while 31 per cent of its international flights were intra-CEN-SAD (the seventh-lowest such ratio among CEN-SAD members). Intra-African mobile phone roaming is relatively expensive in Chad, as the country has the fourth-highest cost of roaming among ECCAS member countries for which data was available.
Financial integration and macroeconomic policy: Chad has performed strongly in this dimension. The index includes only one indicator on financial integration which measures the inflation rate of the same regional economic community. Accordingly, Chad’s inflation rate was 0.2 percent both in ECCAS and CEN-SAD which was the lowest and the second-lowest level among ECCAS and CEN-SAD member countries, respectively.
- Free movement of persons: fourth in ECCAS (score: 0.45). Nineteenth in CEN-SAD (score: 0.32).
- Trade integration: fourth in ECCAS (score: 0.75). Best performer in ECCAS is Cameroon (score: 0.98). Twenty-fourth in CEN-SAD (score: 0.04).
- Productive integration: sixth in ECCAS (score: 0.2). Best performer in ECCAS is Burundi (score: 0.84). Seventeenth in CEN-SAD (score: 0.17).
- Infrastructure: eleventh in ECCAS (score: 0.2). Best performer in ECCAS is Congo (score: 0.69). Twenty-first in CEN-SAD (score: 0.14).
- Financial integration and macroeconomic policy convergence: second in ECCAS (score: 0.98). Best performer in ECCAS is Gabon (score: 1). Fourth in CEN-SAD (score: 0.98).