The Africa regional integration index is designed to measure the extent to which each country in Africa is meeting its commitments under the various pan-African integration frameworks, such as Agenda 2063 and the Abuja Treaty.
The index, which is a joint project of the African Development Bank, the African Union Commission and the Economic Commission for Africa, covers the following dimensions: free movement of persons, trade integration, productive integration, regional interconnections and infrastructure, and macroeconomic policy convergence.
Guinea performs as follows in the index: it has the same score as other member countries of ECOWAS for the free movement of persons, is ranked fifth in this regional economic community for infrastructure, thirteenth in ECOWAS for productive integration, thirteenth for trade integration and fifteenth in ECOWAS for macroeconomic convergence and financial integration and macroeconomic policy convergence.
- Fifteenth in ECOWAS (score: 0.30).
How Guinea Ranks Within CEN-SAD
Compare Guinea's Dimension Scores
How Guinea Ranks Within ECOWAS
Compare Guinea's Dimension Scores
Analysis of Guinea's Performance Across Dimensions
Free movement of persons: Guinea has achieved good results in the section on integration. As a member of ECOWAS, it participates in the Dakar protocol on the free movement of persons and the right of establishment. An ECOWAS passport has been available since 2000 and facilitates the movement of nationals of the member States of the customs union. Furthermore, Guinea allows almost 54 per cent of nationals of African countries to enter visa-free or with a visa obtained on arrival within the ECOWAS.
Trade integration: Guinea has not reduced its customs tariffs significantly, although it is one of the last countries in ECOWAS to have the highest tariffs (almost 14 per cent); its share of imports in intra-African trade is 0.8 per cent and its share of exports stands at 1.4 per cent. Guinea is also shown to have a low level of trade integration. Nonetheless, it should be pointed out that according to the data of the Directorate General of Customs, the share of Guinean exports destined for ECOWAS countries reached 23 per cent in 2014, compared with 5 per cent in 2010, driven by gold exports to Ghana which accounted for 86 per cent of regional flows and 15 per cent of the total exports for the period. At the subregional level, Guinea stands in thirteenth place.
Productive integration: Guinea demonstrates a low level of integration into the regional value chain. Its trade complementarity index of 28 per cent puts the country in tenth place among the members of ECOWAS. There is also an imbalance between exports of intermediate goods accounting for about 26 per cent of total intraregional exports and imports comprising only 0.02 per cent of the value of all imports from the region.
Infrastructure: Guinea has recorded some progress in the matter of infrastructure with an average of 40 per cent in infrastructural integration which constitutes a fairly good score. However, it is handicapped by the weakness of its Internet speed (0.04 megabits per person) and electricity production (0.03 megawatt/hour per capita). This deficit in connectivity and in the electricity network, essential for all commercial activity, has a negative impact on the country’s regional integration. It holds fifth place in ECOWAS.
- Free movement of persons: score equal to that of all the other member States of ECOWAS (score: 0.8).
- Trade integration: thirteenth in ECOWAS (score: 0.11). Nigeria is the best performing country in ECOWAS (score: 1).
- Productive integration: eleventh in ECOWAS (score: 0.17). The Gambia is the best performing country in ECOWAS (score: 0.52).
- Infrastructure: fifth in ECOWAS (score: 0.35). Cabo Verde is the best performing country in ECOWAS (score: 0.68).
- Financial integration and macroeconomic policy convergence: fifteenth in ECOWAS (score: 0.00). Niger is the best perform¬ing country in ECOWAS (score: 1).
This material is reproduced from the ECA Country Profile on Guinea published in April 2016, from the box on the Africa Regional Integration Index.