The Africa regional integration index is designed to measure the extent to which each country in Africa is meeting its commitments under the various pan-African integration frameworks, such as Agenda 2063 and the Abuja Treaty.
The index, which is a joint project of the African Development Bank, the African Union Commission and the Economic Commission for Africa, covers the following dimensions: free movement of persons, trade integration, productive integration, regional interconnections and infrastructure, and macroeconomic policy convergence.
How Mozambique Ranks Within SADC
Compare Mozambique's Dimension Scores
Analysis of Mozambique's Performance Across Dimensions
Free movement of persons: Mozambique performs poorly in this dimension. Mozambique allows nationals from all other SADC countries to enter visa-free. Mozambique has also ratified the relevant SADC instruments concerning free movement of persons, rights of establishment and free movement of workers. More than 53 percent of other SADC member states may enter Mozambique visa-free, 40 per cent may enter with a visa on arrival, while countries whose nationals are visa required are only 7 percent among SADC member countries.
Trade integration: Mozambique performs moderately in this dimension. Mozambique has an average applied tariff of around 1.6 percent on imports from SADC (based on data for 2014). This was the sixth-highest import tariff rate in the bloc. Over the period 2010 to 2013, imports from the rest of SADC accounted for only 17 percent of Mozambique’s GDP which was the eighth-highest equivalent statistic for any other SADC members. Mozambique’s exports to SADC as a share of GDP averaged 8.3 percent over the same period (the sixth- highest level among SADC member countries for which data was available).
Productive integration: Mozambique performs strongly in this dimension. Mozambique’s integration into regional value chains appears to be mixed. Its trade is moderately complementary with that of its partners. It has a merchandise complementarity index of 0.20 (based on data 2013). It indicated that there was relatively encouraging linkage between Mozambique’s export and SADC import structure. The share of Mozambique’s of intermediates in its imports from the regional economic communities was 24.7 per cent (the second-highest level within SADC), while the share of intermediates in total exports averaged 33.8 per cent, which was the third highest level among the SADC member countries.
Infrastructure: Mozambique performs moderately in this dimension. The country ranked thirteenth among SADC members in its average performance in the AfDB infrastructure development index between 2010 and 2012. Around 94 per cent of international flights to and from Mozambique are intra-SADC, which is the fourth-highest such ratio among SADC members. Intra-African mobile phone roaming is relatively expensive in Mozambique (the fifth-highest roaming rate among SADC members for which data was available).
Financial integration and macroeconomic policy: Mozambique performs moderately in this dimension. The average inflation rate in SADC bloc was 6.56 percent. Mozambique’s inflation rate was 4.2 percent (the fourth-lowest inflation rate in the bloc based on 2013 data).
- Free movement of persons: eleventh in SADC (score: 0.59).
- Trade integration: seventh in SADC (score: 0.53). Best performer in SADC is South Africa (score: 1).
- Productive integration: fourth in SADC (score: 0.47). Best performer in SADC is Zimbabwe (score: 0.74).
- Infrastructure: sixth in SADC (score: 0.5). Best performer in SADC is Botswana (score: 0.82).
- Financial integration and macroeconomic policy convergence: ninth in SADC (score: 0.33). Best performer in SADC is South Africa (score: 0.91).