The Africa regional integration index is designed to measure the extent to which each country in Africa is meeting its commitments under the various pan-African integration frameworks, such as Agenda 2063 and the Abuja Treaty.
The index, which is a joint project of the African Development Bank, the African Union Commission and the Economic Commission for Africa, covers the following dimensions: free movement of persons, trade integration, productive integration, regional interconnections and infrastructure, and macroeconomic policy convergence.
Overall, Nigeria ranks moderately within the ECOWAS index, attaining ninth place out of fifteen countries in the bloc and moderately within CEN-SAD (ranking thirteenth) in the overall index.
- Ninth in ECOWAS (score: 0.5).
- Thirteenth in CEN-SAD (score: 0.39).
How Nigeria Ranks Within CEN-SAD
Compare Nigeria's Dimension Scores
How Nigeria Ranks Within ECOWAS
Compare Nigeria's Dimension Scores
Analysis of Nigeria's Performance Across Dimensions
Free movement of persons: Nigeria performs strongly in this dimension. Nigeria allows nationals from all other ECOWAS countries to enter visa-free. Nigeria has also ratified the relevant ECOWAS instruments concerning free movement of persons, rights of establishment and free movement of workers. More than half (58 percent) of other CEN-SAD member states may enter Nigeria a visa-free, and the remaining 19 per cent may enter with a visa on arrival. Nigeria has also ratified the relevant CEN-SAD instruments concerning free movement of persons, rights of establishment and free movement of workers.
Trade integration: Nigeria performs strongly in this dimension. Nigeria has an average applied tariff of around 0.37 percent on imports from ECOWAS (based on data for 2014). It is the seventh lowest applied tariff rate in the bloc. The country’s average applied tariff on imports from CEN-SAD is 26.6 percent. Nigeria’s share of total trade in ECOWAS is 76 percent (based on data for 2015); this is the highest in the bloc. Over the period 2010 to 2013, imports from the rest of ECOWAS accounted for only 0.3 percent of Nigeria’s GDP, which was the lowest among ECOWAS member country while imports from the rest of CEN-SAD accounted around 0.4 percent- had the second lowest level among CEN-SAD member states. However, Nigeria’s exports to ECOWAS as a share of GDP averaged 1.1 percent over the same period-the ninth highest level among ECOWAS member countries. Over the same period exports to CEN-SAD averaged around 1.1 percent of GDP, which was the thirteenth highest level among the 24 CEN-SAD members for which data was available.
Productive integration: Nigeria performs poorly in this dimension. Nigeria appears to be only weakly integrated into regional value chains. Its trade is only weakly complementary with that of its partners. It has a merchandise complementarity index of 0.13 (based on data 2013) indicates weak correlation between Nigeria’s export and ECOWAS import structure. The share of Nigeria of intermediates in its imports from the regional economic communities was 0.07 per cent, while 13.7 per cent of the country’s imports from CEN-SAD were intermediates (meaning that it ranked eleventh). Nigeria’s share of intermediates in total exports within ECOWAS averaged 0.02 per cent (the seventh lowest in the bloc), while 0.7 per cent of its exports to CEN-SAD were intermediates (meaning that it placed the second lowest among the CEN-SAD members.
Infrastructure: Nigeria performs moderately in this dimension. The country ranked fifth among ECOWAS members in its average performance in the AfDB infrastructure development index between 2010 and 2012. Around 83 per cent of international flights to and from Nigeria are intra-ECOWAS, which is the first-highest such ratio among ECOWAS members, while 86 per cent of its international flights were intra-CEN-SAD (the fourth--highest such ratio among CEN-SAD members). Intra-African mobile phone roaming is relatively less expensive in Nigeria, as the country has the twentieth-highest cost of roaming 38 African countries for which data was available
Financial integration and macroeconomic policy: Nigeria performs poorly in this dimension. The index includes only one indicator on financial integration which measures the inflation rate of the same regional economic community. Accordingly, Nigeria inflation rate is relatively with around 8.5 percent (the fourth highest in ECOWAS and sixth highest in CEN-SAD).
- Free movement of persons: first in ECOWAS (score: 0.8). Tenth in CEN-SAD (score: 0.61).
- Trade integration: first in ECOWAS (score: 1). Best performer in ECOWAS is Nigeria (score: 1). Eighth in CEN-SAD (score: 0.5).
- Productive integration: tenth in ECOWAS (score: 0.17). Best performer in ECOWAS is the Gambia (score: 0.52). Twenty second in CEN-SAD (score: 0.11).
- Infrastructure: seventh in ECOWAS (scor: 0.39). Best performer in ECOWAS is Cabo Verde (score: 0.68). Seventh in CEN-SAD (score: 0.33).
- Financial integration and macroeconomic policy convergence: thirteenth in ECOWAS (score: 0.15). Best performer in ECOWAS is Niger (score: 1). Twenty second in CEN-SAD (score: 0.29).