The Africa regional integration index is designed to measure the extent to which each country in Africa is meeting its commitments under the various pan-African integration frameworks, such as Agenda 2063 and the Abuja Treaty.
The index, which is a joint project of the African Development Bank, the African Union Commission and the Economic Commission for Africa, covers the following dimensions: free movement of persons, trade integration, productive integration, regional interconnections and infrastructure, and macroeconomic policy convergence.
Overall, Senegal is well positioned to boost its regional integration, drawing on its strong performance in the areas of free movement of persons and trade integration. At the same time, the country must upgrade its infrastructure if it wishes to derive greater benefit from its trade and other regional advantages.
- Third in ECOWAS (score: 0.63).
- Best performer in ECOWAS is Côte d’Ivoire (score: 0.68).
How Senegal Ranks Within CEN-SAD
Compare Senegal's Dimension Scores
How Senegal Ranks Within ECOWAS
Compare Senegal's Dimension Scores
Analysis of Senegal's Performance Across Dimensions
Free movement of persons: Senegal is a member of both ECOWAS and the Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD). It implements fully the agreements on freedom of movement adopted by both organizations. The country allows almost 55 per cent of African nationals to enter visa-free or with a visa on arrival. The country is in fifteenth position in Africa for this indicator.
Trade integration: Senegal applies low customs tariffs, about 0.1 per cent on average, on all products from the regional economic communities, ECOWAS and CEN-SAD. Its respective shares of exports and imports in intra-African trade stand at 17 and 6 per cent and its overall average share in intra-African trade is 12 per cent. Senegal is consequently third in ECOWAS in terms of its trade integration.
Productive integration: Senegal demonstrates strong productive complementarity in its goods, which facilitates its integration into a regional value chain. It is ranked first in ECOWAS for this indicator and ranks highly in terms of upstream integration with the rest of the subregion, with a 22 per cent share of exports of intermediates in subregional trade in 2013. By contrast, its downstream integration ranking is less impressive, with a 12 per cent share of imports of intermediates in subregional trade.
Infrastructure: Where infrastructure is concerned, Senegal ranks twelfth in ECOWAS, which means that the integration of its infrastructure is relatively low. The country has a per capita internet bandwidth of 1.25 megabits and a per capita electricity production capacity of 0.04 megawatt hours, which show that Senegal is lagging behind somewhat with regard to connectivity. Furthermore, only 19 per cent of Senegal’s roads are paved and this could have a negative impact on trade activities, particularly when it comes to transport logistics. The index reveals a fairly low level of infrastructural integration for a country with good capacity in terms of trade integration.
- Free movement of persons: score equal to that of all the other member countries of ECOWAS (score: 0.8).
- Trade integration: third in ECOWAS (score: 0.65). Nigeria is the best performing country in ECOWAS (score: 1).
- Productive integration: seventh in ECOWAS (score: 0.38). The Gambia is the best performing country in ECOWAS (score: 0.52).
- Infrastructure: twelfth in ECOWAS (score: 0.34). Cabo Verde is the best performing country in ECOWAS (score: 0.68).
- Financial integration and macroeconomic policy convergence: third in ECOWAS (score: 0.97). Niger is the best performing country in ECOWAS (score: 1).
This material is reproduced from the ECA Country Profile on Senegal published in April 2016, from the box on the Africa Regional Integration Index.