The Africa regional integration index is designed to measure the extent to which each country in Africa is meeting its commitments under the various pan-African integration frameworks, such as Agenda 2063 and the Abuja Treaty.
The index, which is a joint project of the African Development Bank, the African Union Commission and the Economic Commission for Africa, covers the following dimensions: free movement of persons, trade integration, productive integration, regional interconnections and infrastructure, and macroeconomic policy convergence.
Overall, Mauritania performs moderately to poorly, with a good to moderate performance in the area of free movement of persons but moderate to weak performance in the areas trade integration, infrastructure and financial integration and macroeconomic policy convergence and weak performance in the area of productive integration.
Where specific policy measures that could boost its performance are concerned, Mauritania could consider, further reducing tariffs on intraregional imports, and looking into other measures to boost intraregional trade in goods, particularly integration into regional value chains, ratifying the AMU instruments on free movement of persons and allowing visa-free entry for the nationals of a greater number of countries within the region.
Mauritania scores poorly within AMU, placing last among the five countries in the bloc and moderately to poorly within CEN-SAD (ranking nineteenth) in the overall index.
- Fifth in AMU (score: 0.30).
- Best performer in AMU is Morocco (score: 0.55).
- Nineteenth in CEN-SAD (score: 0.33).
How Mauritania Ranks Within CEN-SAD
Compare Mauritania's Dimension Scores
How Mauritania Ranks Within UMA
Compare Mauritania's Dimension Scores
Analysis of Mauritania's Performance Across Dimensions
Free movement of persons: Good to moderate score (second in AMU, sixteenth in CEN-SAD). Mauritania allows nationals from three out of four other AMU countries to enter visa-free, while nationals of the fourth country (Morocco) can enter with a visa on arrival. A quarter of other CEN-SAD member states may enter Mauritania visa-free, and the remaining 75 per cent may enter with a visa on arrival. Mauritania has not ratified the relevant AMU instruments concerning free movement of persons, rights of establishment and free movement of workers, but has ratified the relevant CEN-SAD instrument.
Trade integration: Moderate to poor score (fifth in AMU, sixteenth in CEN-SAD). Mauritania has an average applied tariff of around nine per cent on imports from AMU (based on data for 2014); this is the highest in the bloc. The country’s average applied tariff on imports from CEN-SAD is 7 per cent. Trade (as a share of GDP) with the rest of the regional economic community is mixed. Over the period 2010 to 2013, imports from the rest of AMU accounted for around 3 per cent of Mauritania’s GDP; the country had the second-highest level on this indicator behind Tunisia. Imports from CEN-SAD accounted for around 4 per cent over the same period, which was the eleventh-highest level among 24 countries for which data was available. Over the same period exports to AMU as a share of GDP averaged 0.04 per cent (the lowest level in the bloc) while exports to CEN-SAD averaged around 5 per cent of GDP, which was the sixth highest level among the 24 CEN-SAD members for which data was available.
Productive integration: Poor score (fifth in AMU, twenty-third in CEN-SAD). Mauritania appears to be only weakly integrated into regional value chains. Its trade is only weakly complementary with that of its partners, with the country ranking last among AMU member countries in terms of its performance in the UNCTAD Merchandise trade complementarity index vis-à-vis the rest of AMU between 2010 and 2013. The share of Mauritania of intermediates in its imports from AMU was 11 per cent over the same period (third-highest in the bloc), while 24 per cent of the country’s imports from CEN-SAD were intermediates (meaning that it ranked eighth out of 14 countries for which data was available). Mauritania’s share of intermediates in total exports to AMU the region averaged 16 per cent (the third-highest in the bloc), while 3 per cent of its exports to CEN-SAD were intermediates (meaning that it placed second-to-last among the 14 CEN-SAD members for which data was available).
Infrastructure: Moderate to poor score (third in AMU, twenty-second in CEN-SAD). Intra-African mobile phone roaming is quite expensive in Mauritania, as the country has the seventh-highest cost of roaming 38 African countries for which data was available. The country ranked thirty-seventh among African countries members in its average performance in the AfDB infrastructure development index between 2010 and 2012. Around 47 per cent of international flights to and from Mauritania are intra-AMU, which is the third-highest such ratio among AMU members, while 69 per cent of its international flights were intra-CEN-SAD (the sixteenth-highest such ratio among CEN-SAD members).
- Free movement of persons: second in AMU (score: 0.67). Best performer in AMU is Algeria (score: 0.8). Sixteenth in CEN-SAD (score: 0.51).
- Trade integration: fifth in AMU (score: 0). Best performer in AMU is Tunisia (score: 0.97). Sixteenth in CEN-SAD (score: 0.40).
- Productive integration: fifth in AMU (score: 0.31). Best performer in AMU is Tunisia (score: 0.67). Twenty-third in CEN-SAD (score: 0.08).
- Infrastructure: third in AMU (score: 0.39). Best performer in AMU is Libya (score: 0.67). Twenty-first in CEN-SAD (score: 0.23).
- Financial integration and macroeconomic policy convergence: fourth in AMU (score: 0.14). Best performer in AMU is Morocco (score: 0.5). Seventeenth in CEN-SAD (score: 0.41).