The Africa regional integration index is designed to measure the extent to which each country in Africa is meeting its commitments under the various pan-African integration frameworks, such as Agenda 2063 and the Abuja Treaty.
The index, which is a joint project of the African Development Bank, the African Union Commission and the Economic Commission for Africa, covers the following dimensions: free movement of persons, trade integration, productive integration, regional interconnections and infrastructure, and macroeconomic policy convergence.
Overall, Cabo Verde ranks moderately to poorly within the ECOWAS index, attaining twelfth place out of fifteen countries in the bloc, and poorly (twenty-seventh) in the overall index within CEN-SAD.
- Twelfth in ECOWAS (score: 0.44).
How Cabo Verde Ranks Within CEN-SAD
Compare Cabo Verde's Dimension Scores
How Cabo Verde Ranks Within ECOWAS
Compare Cabo Verde's Dimension Scores
Analysis of Cabo Verde's Performance Across Dimensions
Free movement of persons: Cabo Verde performs strong to poor score in this dimension. Cabo Verde allows nationals from all other ECOWAS countries to enter visa-free. Cabo Verde has also ratified the relevant ECOWAS instruments concerning free movement of persons, rights of establishment and free movement of workers. More than half (58 percent) of other CEN-SAD member states may enter Cabo Verde visa-free, and a further 19 per cent may enter with a visa on arrival. Cabo Verde has also ratified the relevant CEN-SAD instruments concerning free movement of persons, rights of establishment and free movement of workers.
Trade integration: Cabo Verde performs poorly in this dimension. Cabo Verde has an average applied tariff of around 11 percent on imports from ECOWAS (based on data for 2014). It is the third highest applied tariff rate in the bloc. However, there is no data available for country’s average applied tariff on imports from CEN-SAD. Over the period 2010 to 2013, imports from both ECOWAS and CEN-SAD accounted for only 0 percent of Cabo Verde’s GDP, which was the lowest among ECOWAS and CEN-SAD member countries. In addition, exports to ECOWAS as a share of GDP averaged 0 percent over the same period which was the lowest score among ECOWAS member countries. Over the same period exports to CEN-SAD also averaged around 0 percent of GDP, which was the also the lowest level among CEN-SAD members.
Productive integration: Cabo Verde performs poorly in this dimension. Cabo Verde appears to be only weakly integrated into regional value chains. Its trade is only weakly complementary with that of its partners. It has a merchandise complementarity index of 0.11 (based on data 2013) which indicates weak correlation between Cabo Verde’s export and ECOWAS import structure. The share of Cabo Verde of intermediates in its imports from both ECOWAS and CEN-SAD regional economic communities was 0 per cent. Cabo Verde’s share of intermediates in total exports within ECOWAS averaged 0 per cent (-the lowest in the bloc), while 0.15 per cent of its exports to CEN-SAD were intermediates (the third lowest among the CEN-SAD members).
Infrastructure: Cabo Verde performs strongly in this dimension. The country ranked first among ECOWAS members in its average performance in the AfDB infrastructure development index between 2010 and 2012. Around 68 per cent of international flights to and from Cabo Verde are intra-ECOWAS, which is the ninth-highest such ratio among ECOWAS members, while 69 per cent of its international flights were intra-CEN-SAD (the fourteenth highest such ratio among CEN-SAD members). However, there was no data available for the cost of intra-African mobile phone cost of roaming in the country.
Financial integration and macroeconomic policy: Cabo Verde performs poorly in this dimension. Cabo Verde inflation rate is low with around 2 percent in both which is the sixth lowest in ECOWAS and the ninth-lowest rate in CEN-SAD.
Free movement of persons: First in ECOWAS (score: 0.8). Twenty-ninth in CEN-SAD (score: 0).
Trade integration: Twelfth in ECOWAS (score: 0.17). Best performer in ECOWAS is Nigeria (score: 1). Twenty-ninth in CEN-SAD (score: 0).
Productive integration: Thirteenth in ECOWAS (score: 0.11). Best performer in ECOWAS is the Gambia (score: 0.52). There is no full data available to make ranking within CEN-SAD.
Infrastructure: First in ECOWAS (score: 0.68). There is no full data available to make ranking within CEN-SAD.
Financial integration and macroeconomic policy convergence: Ninth in ECOWAS (score: 0.44). Best performer in ECOWAS is NIGER (score: 1). Twenty ninth in CEN-SAD (score: 0).