CEN-SAD: Community of Sahel–Saharan States

ARII records a low level of integration in CEN-SAD, whose highest achiever reaches only a little above the mid-point. Similar to ECOWAS and SADC, CEN-SAD performs poorly on the productive and infrastructural dimensions and fares relatively well on the free movement of people dimension. 

Côte d’Ivoire, Senegal, and Morocco are CEN-SAD’s most integrated countries (Côte d’Ivoire and Senegal are also top performers in ECOWAS). Côte d’Ivoire and Senegal’s high scores are attributable in part to their trade of fuel and lubricants with each other: this activity feeds into these countries’ productive integration scores, which are almost identical and which far outstrip CEN-SAD’s next-highest performer, Liberia.  

CEN-SAD’s third-most integrated country, Morocco, leads its peers on macroeconomic integration. Morocco has a near-perfect score on this dimension and has the highest number of bilateral investment treaties in force.


CEN-SAD’s Scores on Each Dimension

ARII measures regional integration in CEN-SAD along five dimensions. These dimensions use sixteen indicators to determine the extent to which CEN-SAD members are integrated within their region.

The more outward a dimension stretches, the more integrated CEN-SAD is on that dimension. Scores are calculated on a scale of 0 (not at all integrated) to 1 (entirely integrated). 

Trade Integration
Productive Integration
Macroeconomic Integration
Infrastructural Integration
Free Movement of People

CEN-SAD Members’ Scores and Rankings

Country is a high performer – it scores higher than the average
Country is an average performer – it scores within the average
Country is a low performer – it scores below the average
Average score across REC member countries

CEN-SAD Members’ Performance by Dimension

This chart shows how each country in CEN-SAD performs on the five dimensions of regional integration. Click the inner segments of the bars to see each country’s score.

Trade Integration
Productive Integration
Macroeconomic Integration
Infrastructural Integration
Free Movement of People
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