CEN-SAD: Community of Sahel–Saharan States
ARII records a low level of integration in CEN-SAD, whose highest achiever reaches only a little above the mid-point. Similar to ECOWAS and SADC, CEN-SAD performs poorly on the productive and infrastructural dimensions and fares relatively well on the free movement of people dimension.
Côte d’Ivoire, Senegal, and Morocco are CEN-SAD’s most integrated countries (Côte d’Ivoire and Senegal are also top performers in ECOWAS). Côte d’Ivoire and Senegal’s high scores are attributable in part to their trade of fuel and lubricants with each other: this activity feeds into these countries’ productive integration scores, which are almost identical and which far outstrip CEN-SAD’s next-highest performer, Liberia.
CEN-SAD’s third-most integrated country, Morocco, leads its peers on macroeconomic integration. Morocco has a near-perfect score on this dimension and has the highest number of bilateral investment treaties in force.
CEN-SAD’s Scores on Each Dimension
ARII measures regional integration in CEN-SAD along five dimensions. These dimensions use sixteen indicators to determine the extent to which CEN-SAD members are integrated within their region.
The more outward a dimension stretches, the more integrated CEN-SAD is on that dimension. Scores are calculated on a scale of 0 (not at all integrated) to 1 (entirely integrated).
CEN-SAD Members’ Scores and Rankings
CEN-SAD Members’ Performance by Dimension
This chart shows how each country in CEN-SAD performs on the five dimensions of regional integration. Click the inner segments of the bars to see each country’s score.