AMU: Arab Maghreb Union

With only five countries, AMU has the smallest number of member states of any regional economic community in Africa. Because of this, the scores of the region’s outliers have a stronger effect on the region’s average than is the case for other economic communities. 

The findings on this page show that on the whole, AMU is moderately integrated. AMU differs from other regional economic communities in that its weakness lies in the free movement of people. It performs relatively well on macroeconomic policies. 

As for the other three dimensions, AMU’s score on trade is moderate: as much as its members may trade outside of Africa, their exports within the region are low. AMU’s score for productive integration averages about the same but members’ scores vary greatly, from near 0 for Mauritania to 0.796 for Tunisia. Tunisia is also AMU’s leader on infrastructural integration, with good flight connections within the region and a good score in the AfDB’s infrastructure index. AMU’s next three performers on infrastructural integration – Algeria, Morocco, and Libya – are grouped around the mid-point. Mauritania scores zero.


AMU’s Scores on Each Dimension

ARII measures regional integration in AMU along five dimensions. These dimensions use sixteen indicators to determine the extent to which AMU members are integrated within their region.

The more outward a dimension stretches, the more integrated AMU is on that dimension. Scores are calculated on a scale of 0 (not at all integrated) to 1 (entirely integrated). 

Trade Integration
Productive Integration
Macroeconomic Integration
Infrastructural Integration
Free Movement of People

AMU Members’ Scores and Rankings

Country is a high performer – it scores higher than the average
Country is an average performer – it scores within the average
Country is a low performer – it scores below the average
Average score across REC member countries

AMU Members’ Performance by Dimension

This chart shows how each country in AMU performs on the five dimensions of regional integration. Click the inner segments of the bars to see each country’s score.

Trade Integration
Productive Integration
Macroeconomic Integration
Infrastructural Integration
Free Movement of People
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