Regional Integration Matters

Regions Dimensions Countries 

  • CEN-SAD

    Nigeria represents 37% of regional GDP but is not in the top performers on regional integration, neither is Egypt, which represents 18% of regional GDP. Côte d’Ivoire, which is the top performing country on regional integration, represents just 3% of regional GDP.

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    CEN-SAD
    CEN-SAD
  • COMESA

    Egypt is the first contributor of wealth creation in the region (with 35% of regional GDP) but is in fourth place on regional integration. Sudan and Libya are respectively second and third contributors of wealth creation but are not top performers.

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    COMESA
    COMESA
  • EAC

    Kenya and Uganda are in the top three contributors to wealth creation in the region with 39% of regional GDP and 21% of regional GDP respectively.

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    EAC
    EAC
  • ECCAS

    Angola and DRC are the principal contributors to wealth creation in the region with 36% and 19% of regional GDP respectively, but are not top performers. Cameroon is in first place and is the third contributor of regional GDP.

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    ECCAS
    ECCAS
  • ECOWAS

    Nigeria is the first contributor of wealth creation in the region (75% of regional GDP), but does not feature in the top performing countries on regional integration. Côte d’Ivoire is the top performer on regional integration but only represents 6% of regional GDP.

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    ECOWAS
    ECOWAS
  • IGAD

    Ethiopia, Sudan and Kenya are the principal contributors to wealth creation in the region (29%, 28.5% and 27.7% of regional GDP respectively). Only Kenya features as the top performer on regional integration.

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    IGAD
    IGAD
  • SADC

    South Africa represents 61% of regional GDP and is first of the top performing countries. The other top performers are not strong wealth creators in the region (Botswana, 2% of regional GDP; Namibia, 1.8% of regional GDP and Zambia, 2.5% of regional GDP).

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    SADC
    SADC
  • UMA

    Algeria contributes to 42% of regional GDP but is not a top performer in regional integration, with Morocco and Tunisia ahead in regional integration scores.

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    UMA
    UMA
Regional Infrastructure

Regional Infrastructure

Countless connections made by road, by air or by airwaves have an important impact on Africa’s integration

Trade Integration

Trade Integration

When trade flows are faster and more cost-effective, business and consumers in the regions benefit

Productive Integration

Productive Integration

Making production work better for the continent across different sectors, by being part of regional and global value chains

Free Movement of People

Free Movement of People

Getting people to move freely across Africa represents a powerful boost to economic growth and skills development

Financial & Macroeconomic Integration

Financial & Macroeconomic Integration

When capital flows freely, investment increases and finance is allocated where it generates productivity