Regional Integration Matters

Africa Regions Countries Dimensions

  • AMU

    Algeria contributes to 42% of regional GDP but is not a top performer in regional integration, with Morocco and Tunisia ahead in regional integration scores.

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    AMU
    AMU
  • CEN-SAD

    Nigeria represents 37% of regional GDP but is not in the top performers on regional integration, neither is Egypt, which represents 18% of regional GDP. Côte d’Ivoire, which is the top performing country on regional integration, represents just 3% of regional GDP.

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    CEN-SAD
    CEN-SAD
  • COMESA

    Egypt is the first contributor of wealth creation in the region (with 35% of regional GDP) but is in fourth place on regional integration. Sudan and Libya are respectively second and third contributors of wealth creation but are not top performers.

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    COMESA
    COMESA
  • EAC

    Kenya and Uganda are in the top three contributors to wealth creation in the region with 39% of regional GDP and 21% of regional GDP respectively.

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    EAC
    EAC
  • ECCAS

    Angola and DRC are the principal contributors to wealth creation in the region with 36% and 19% of regional GDP respectively, but are not top performers. Cameroon is in first place and is the third contributor of regional GDP.

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    ECCAS
    ECCAS
  • ECOWAS

    Nigeria is the first contributor of wealth creation in the region (75% of regional GDP), but does not feature in the top performing countries on regional integration. Côte d’Ivoire is the top performer on regional integration but only represents 6% of regional GDP.

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    ECOWAS
    ECOWAS
  • IGAD

    Ethiopia, Sudan and Kenya are the principal contributors to wealth creation in the region (29%, 28.5% and 27.7% of regional GDP respectively). Only Kenya features as the top performer on regional integration.

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    IGAD
    IGAD
  • SADC

    South Africa represents 61% of regional GDP and is first of the top performing countries. The other top performers are not strong wealth creators in the region (Botswana, 2% of regional GDP; Namibia, 1.8% of regional GDP and Zambia, 2.5% of regional GDP).

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    SADC
    SADC
Trade Integration

Trade Integration

Faster, most cost-effective trade benefits business and consumers alike.

Productive Integration

Productive Integration

Producing goods and services where countries have a comparative advantage allows nations to take part in regional and global value chains.

Financial & Macroeconomic Integration

Macroeconomic Integration

Freeing the movement and convertibility of capital spurs investment and allocates finance to where it can be most productive.

Regional Infrastructure

Infrastructural Integration

Digital communications and connections by road, air, and water directly affect transaction costs, prosperity, and ultimately, stability.

Free Movement of People

Free Movement of People

Allowing people to move more freely across Africa fosters social links and makes production more efficient.

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