The index, which is a joint project of the African Development Bank, the African Union Commission and the Economic Commission for Africa, covers the following dimensions: free movement of persons, trade integration, productive integration, regional interconnections and infrastructure, and macroeconomic policy convergence.

Headline Findings

View more detailed analysis

  • Second in EAC (score: 0.58). Third in COMESA (score: 0.52).
  • Best performer in EAC is Kenya (score: 0.66).

COMESA

How Uganda Ranks Within COMESA

Country is a high performer – score is higher than average of countries
Country is an average performer – score is within the average of countries
Country is a low performer –score is below the average of countries
Average score across REC member countries

Compare Uganda's Dimension Scores

Trade Integration
Regional Infrastructure
Productive Integration
Free Movement of People
Financial & Macroeconomic Integration

EAC

How Uganda Ranks Within EAC

Country is a high performer – score is higher than average of countries
Country is an average performer – score is within the average of countries
Country is a low performer –score is below the average of countries
Average score across REC member countries

Compare Uganda's Dimension Scores

Trade Integration
Regional Infrastructure
Productive Integration
Free Movement of People
Financial & Macroeconomic Integration

IGAD

How Uganda Ranks Within IGAD

Country is a high performer – score is higher than average of countries
Country is an average performer – score is within the average of countries
Country is a low performer –score is below the average of countries
Average score across REC member countries

Compare Uganda's Dimension Scores

Trade Integration
Regional Infrastructure
Productive Integration
Free Movement of People
Financial & Macroeconomic Integration

Analysis of Uganda's Performance Across Dimensions

Free movement of persons: Uganda scores well (ranked joint-third in East African Community and second in the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa). Uganda allows nationals of all other African countries to either enter without a visa or obtain a visa on arrival. Uganda has ratified the relevant East African Community instrument on the free movement of persons, but not that of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa. The Intergovernmental Authority on Development does not yet have an instrument on the free movement of persons (Economic Commission for Africa and African Union Commission, 2015a).

Trade integration: Uganda (ranked second in East African Community and fifth in the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa) has made good progress towards removing tariff barriers to imports from other countries that belong to the same regional economic communities. As with all other members of the East African Community, Uganda applies zero tariffs to imports from other member countries. It also applies a low average tariff of 0.68 per cent to imports from the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, although most members of the Common Market apply even lower average tariffs. Uganda applies the lowest average tariffs on imports from Intergovernmental Authority on Development countries out of any of the bloc’s members, at 0.1 per cent (Statistics Division, 2015; International Trade Centre, 2015). However, on the ease of moving goods across borders, Uganda ranks thirty-sixth in Africa overall.

Productive integration: The country’s trade complements that of the other countries that belong to the same regional economic communities, indicating that it may be specializing to fit into regional value chains[1]. Out of the members of the regional economic communities of which Uganda forms a part, only Djibouti, Egypt and Kenya have higher intra-regional trade complementarity scores, according to the merchandise trade complementary index produced by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. In 2013, Uganda had the second highest share of exports of intermediate and capital goods to other East African Community countries, at approximately 1 per cent of GDP, behind only Kenya (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 2015; Economic Commission for Africa and African Union Commission, 2015b).

Infrastructure: The country's Internet bandwidth of 0.8 megabits per second per person in 2013 ranked it twentieth on the continent. Uganda’s net electricity production capacity per capacity could be enhanced.

  • Free movement of persons: Joint-third in East African Community with Burundi (score: 0.7). Best performers in East African Community are Kenya and Rwanda with 0.8. Second in Common Market for Easter and Southern Africa (score: 0.52).
  • Trade integration: Second in East African Community (score 0.94). Best performer in East African Community is Kenya with 1. Fifth in Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (score – 0.75).
  • Productive integration: Second in East African Community (score: 0.725). Best performer in East African Community is Kenya with 0.84. Third in Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (score: 0.61).
  • Infrastructure: Second in East African Community (score – 0.48). Best performer in East African Community is Burundi at 0.84.  Eighteenth in Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (score: 0.30).
  • Financial integration and macroeconomic policy convergence: third in East African Community (score: 0.045). Best performer in East African Community is Rwanda (score: 0.5). Sixth in Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (score: 0.43).

References

[1] This is calculated as the mean average of the following quantities: the country’s trade complementarity with the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, its trade complementarity with the East African Community and its trade complementarity with the Intergovernmental Authority on Development.