The index, which is a joint project of the African Development Bank, the African Union Commission and the Economic Commission for Africa, covers the following dimensions: free movement of persons, trade integration, productive integration, regional interconnections and infrastructure, and macroeconomic policy convergence.

Headline Findings

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  • Fifth in EAC (score: 0.43). Twelfth in SADC (score: 0.36).
  • Highest score in EAC is Kenya (score: 0.66).

SADC

How United Rep. of Tanzania Ranks Within SADC

Country is a high performer – score is higher than average of countries
Country is an average performer – score is within the average of countries
Country is a low performer –score is below the average of countries
Average score across REC member countries

Compare United Rep. of Tanzania's Dimension Scores

Trade Integration
Regional Infrastructure
Productive Integration
Free Movement of People
Financial & Macroeconomic Integration

EAC

How United Rep. of Tanzania Ranks Within EAC

Country is a high performer – score is higher than average of countries
Country is an average performer – score is within the average of countries
Country is a low performer –score is below the average of countries
Average score across REC member countries

Compare United Rep. of Tanzania's Dimension Scores

Trade Integration
Regional Infrastructure
Productive Integration
Free Movement of People
Financial & Macroeconomic Integration

Analysis of United Rep. of Tanzania's Performance Across Dimensions

Free movement of persons: The United Republic of Tanzania scores in this dimension could be improved. It allows nationals of 27 other African countries to enter without a visa or to obtain a visa upon arrival. It has ratified the EAC instruments concerning the free movement of persons and the rights of establishment and free movement of workers but is yet to ratify the relevant SADC instruments (i.e. articles 14, 17 and 18 of the Treaty of the Southern African Development Community) (ECA, the African Development Bank and the African Union Commission, 2012 and 2013; ECA and the African Union Commission, 2015).

Trade integration: The United Republic of Tanzania has an average applied tariff of zero per cent on imports from EAC member States, as do all EAC partner States, and an average applied tariff of 10 per cent on imports from SADC member States. It ranks eleventh among SADC members on this measure (United Nations, Statistics Division, 2015; International Trade Centre, 2015). The country's trade with the members of the other regional economic communities of which it is a member, in terms of share of GDP, could be improved.

Productive integration: The United Republic of Tanzania falls within the group of highest-ranking countries SADC (but is middle-ranked in EAC) in terms of its integration into regional value chains. The share of intermediates in its imports from EAC was 13 per cent in 2013; the equivalent statistic for its imports from SADC was 26 per cent in the same year. 36 per cent of its exports to EAC in 2013 were intermediates, as were 17 per cent of its exports to SADC in the same year.

Infrastructure: The country’s Internet bandwidth, which stands at around 0.3 megabits per second per person, is the thirtieth-highest on the continent. Internet bandwidth is important for international communication, both within Africa and beyond, including to support trade in services. Around 78 per cent of international flights to and from the United Republic of Tanzania in June 2014 were intra-EAC, meaning that the country ranks second within this bloc on this indicator, behind Burundi.

  • Free movement of persons: Fifth in EAC (score: 0.58), twelfth in SADC (0.52). Best performers in EAC are Rwanda and Kenya with 0.8.
  • Trade integration: Third in EAC (score: 0.78), thirteenth in SADC (0.33). Best performer in EAC is Kenya with 1. 
  • Productive integration: Third in EAC (score: 0.45), sixth in SADC (0.38). Best performer in EAC is Kenya with 0.84. 
  • Infrastructure: Fifth in EAC (score: 0.36), twelfth in SADC (0.39). Best performer in EAC is Burundi with 0.84. 
  • Financial integration and macroeconomic policy convergence: Fifth in EAC (score: 0), thirteenth in SADC (0.2). Best performer in EAC is Rwanda with 0.5.