The index, which is a joint project of the African Development Bank, the African Union Commission and the Economic Commission for Africa, covers the following dimensions: free movement of persons, trade integration, productive integration, regional interconnections and infrastructure, and macroeconomic policy convergence.

Detailed analysis of the country's performance in the various dimensions of the Index, including a look at specific indicators, will be added in due course.

Headline Findings

View more detailed analysis

  • Second in ECCAS (score: 0.58). 


How Gabon Ranks Within ECCAS

Country is a high performer – score is higher than average of countries
Country is an average performer – score is within the average of countries
Country is a low performer –score is below the average of countries
Average score across REC member countries

Compare Gabon's Dimension Scores

Trade Integration
Regional Infrastructure
Productive Integration
Free Movement of People
Financial & Macroeconomic Integration

Analysis of Gabon's Performance Across Dimensions

Free movement of persons: Gabon performs poorly in this dimension. Gabon does not allow nationals from all other ECCAS countries to enter visa-free. Only 35 percent of other ECCAS member states may enter Gabon visa-free. Gabon has not yet ratified the relevant ECCAS instruments concerning free movement of persons, rights of establishment and free movement of workers.

Trade integration: Gabon performs strongly in this dimension. Gabon has an average applied tariff of around 0.31 percent on imports from ECCAS (based on data for 2014). This is the third lowest import tariff rate in the bloc. Over the period 2010 to 2013, imports from the rest of ECCAS accounted for only 1.6 percent of Gabon’s GDP which was the fifth highest equivalent statistic for any other ECCAS member country. Gabon’s exports to ECCAS as a share of GDP averaged 1.65 percent over the same period-the third highest level among ECCAS member countries.

Productive integration: Gabon performs moderately in this dimension. Gabon’s integration into regional value chains appears to be mixed. Its trade is weekly complementary with that of its partners. It has a merchandise complementarity index of 0.10 (based on data 2013). It indicates that there has been lower linkage between Gabon’s export and ECCAS import structure. 

Infrastructure: Gabon performs moderately in this dimension. The country ranked first among ECCAS members in its average performance in the AfDB infrastructure development index between 2010 and 2012. Around 52 per cent of international flights to and from Gabon are intra-ECCAS, which is the sixth-highest such ratio among ECCAS members. Intra-African mobile phone roaming is relatively expensive in Gabon which is the fifth highest roaming rate among ECCAS members for which data was available.

Financial integration and macroeconomic policy: Gabon performs strongly in this dimension. Gabon’s inflation rate is below ECCAS members’ average inflation rate with 0.48 percent (the second-lowest inflation rate in this region), while the average inflation rate was 4.26 in the bloc (based on 2013 data).

  • Free movement of persons: seventh in ECCAS (score: 0.35).
  • Trade integration: third in ECCAS (score: 0.78). Best performer in ECCAS is Cameroon (score: 0.98).
  • Productive integration: fourth in ECCAS (score: 0.24). Best performer in ECCAS is Burundi (score: 0.84).
  • Infrastructure: third in ECCAS (score: 0.52). Best performer in ECCAS is Congo (score: 0.69).
  • Financial integration and macroeconomic policy convergence: first in ECCAS (score: 1). Best performer in ECCAS is Gabon (score: 1).
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