The Africa regional integration index is designed to measure the extent to which each country in Africa is meeting its commitments under the various pan-African integration frameworks, such as Agenda 2063 and the Abuja Treaty.
The index, which is a joint project of the African Development Bank, the African Union Commission and the Economic Commission for Africa, covers the following dimensions: free movement of persons, trade integration, productive integration, regional interconnections and infrastructure, and macroeconomic policy convergence.
Overall, Mauritius ranks moderately to poorly within both COMESA and SADC in the overall index, attaining sixth and ninth place respectively.
- Ninth in SADC (score: 0.47).
- Sixth in COMESA (score: 0.47).
How Mauritius Ranks Within COMESA
Compare Mauritius's Dimension Scores
How Mauritius Ranks Within SADC
Compare Mauritius's Dimension Scores
Analysis of Mauritius's Performance Across Dimensions
Free movement of persons: Mauritius performs moderately in this dimension. Mauritius has not yet ratified the relevant SADC and COMESA instruments concerning free movement of persons, rights of establishment and free movement of workers. However, 86 percent of other SADC member states may enter Mauritius visa-free, and the remaining 7 per cent may enter with a visa on arrival, while a quarter of COMESA member countries may enter Mauritius with a visa on arrival and 55 percent of other member states may enter Mauritius visa free.
Trade integration: Mauritius performs moderately in this dimension. Mauritius has an average applied tariff of around 0.004 per cent on imports from COMESA this was the fifth-lowest in the bloc (based on data for 2014). Over the period 2010 to 2013, imports from the rest of SADC accounted for only 4.2 percent of Mauritius GDP, which was the fifth-lowest among SADC members. On the other hand, Mauritius exports to SADC as a share of GDP averaged 3.1 percent over the same period (the fifth-lowest level among SADC member countries). Over the same period exports to COMESA averaged around 1.7 percent of GDP, which was the ninth-lowest level among the COMESA members.
Productive integration: Mauritius performs poorly in this dimension. Mauritius appears to be only weakly integrated into regional value chains. Its trade is moderately complementary with that of its partners. Mauritius had a UNCTAD merchandise trade complementarity index of 0.23 vis-à-vis the rest of SADC between 2010 and 2013. This indicated that there was relatively encouraging correlation between Mauritius export and SADC import structure. The share of Mauritius of intermediates in its imports from SADC was 14.4 per cent over the same period (the third-lowest in the bloc), while 9 per cent of the country’s imports from COMESA were intermediates (it placed first-to-last among COMESA member countries for which data was available). Mauritius share of intermediates in total exports to SADC the region averaged 13.7 per cent (the ninth-highest share in the bloc), while 21 per cent of its exports to COMESA were intermediates which ranked eleventh-highest level among COMESA members for which data was available.
Infrastructure: Mauritius performs moderately in this dimension. The country ranked third among SADC members in its average performance in the AfDB infrastructure development index between 2010 and 2012. Around 32 per cent of international flights to and from Mauritius are intra-SADC, which is the lowest such ratio among SADC members, while 18 per cent of its international flights were intra-COMESA (the lowest such ratio among COMESA members as well). Intra-African mobile phone roaming is relatively less costly in Mauritius (the third-lowest roaming rate among SADC members for which data was available).
Financial integration and macroeconomic policy: Mauritius performs moderately in this dimension. Mauritius inflation rate is relatively lower with around 3.5 percent which was the third-lowest inflation rate in SADC, while it was the seventh-lowest rate among COMESA member countries.
- Free movement of persons: fourth in SADC (score: 0.66). Third in COMESA (score: 0.46).
- Trade integration: eighth in SADC (score: 0.51). Best performer in SADC is South Africa (score: 1). Eleventh in COMESA (score: 0.55).
- Productive integration: twelfth in SADC (score: 0.26). Best performer in SADC is Zimbabwe (score: 0.74). Twelfth in COMESA (score: 0.39).
- Infrastructure: ninth in SADC (score: 0.44). Best performer in SADC is Botswana (score: 0.82). Fifth in COMESA (score: 0.48).
- Financial integration and macroeconomic policy convergence: sixth in SADC (score: 0.45). Best performer in SADC is South Africa (score: 0.91). Fourth in COMESA (score: 0.47).